The Causes Addiction May Determine How Addiction Treatment Is Handled

Some people may have a genetic inclination to drug addiction. Researchers claim that a gene variant that has been characterized as the “pleasure-seeking gene” may be culpable for some people turning to drugs to increase their levels of dopamine which is a neurotransmitter that allows people to feel good. The explanation is persuasive and questionable as it may explain why not all people that take drugs become addictive or indulge in compulsive behaviour. It can also assist in developing effective drug addiction treatments and exploring addiction treatment models. On the other hand, it does not explain there appears to be various forms and levels of addiction. Someone addicted to drugs and alcohol, may not necessarily be addicted to or indulge in other compulsive behaviours such as sex or gambling.

It is hoped that with further understanding of the nature of the gene may lead to more compelling convincing treatment options. In attempting to understand what causes addiction, an important question that is repeatedly being asked is why would talented and auccessfull individuals risk his or her career for the sake of drug-induced good feeling? The answer may not lie in upbringing or company, but may partially or entirely due to their genetic makeup.

The problem now becomes one of identifying the situations where genetics are responsible and developing new treatments surrounding the DNA options.

Studies comparing the lifestyles and habits of twins and adopted children first suggested that addictive behaviour has a hereditary component. The DRD2 or “pleasure seeking” gene and variants or alleles were found to be associated with disorders of “compulsive behavior:” and substance abuse. Studies of brain tissue, done at UCLA showed that individuals with the A1 variant may have significantly fewer dopamine receptors in the pleasure centers of the brain. The findings suggest that addicts use drugs to compensate for the deficiency in the neurological pleasure system. Studies also linked the A1 variation which is found in about 50% of all addicts, to cocaine, amphetamine, heroine and nicotine addiction.

Addiction treatment options

It was discovered in a study of alcoholics, that those with the pleasure seeking gene responded positively to a nonaddictive drug that stimulates the dopamine receptors. The implications are serious and can be the nexus for important debates on clinical treatment and addiction rehab for the millions of drug-users who may be genetically pre-disposed. In this light, addiction is viewed as a disease, such as diabetes, or arthritis and should be treatment for addiction should be tailored for the cause.

With scientific advances such as the cheek cell DNA test, it may be simple to indicate and differentiate hard-core genetic addicts from those who develop bad habits. Drug abusers with the genetic predisposotion toward addiction, typically require one of a growing number of innovative prescription drug therapies to beat their habit. Those without the gene may respond better to counseling.

The more that is understood about what causes addiction, the more successful we can become in mitigating the heavy toll that drugs addiction has on individuals,families and society.

How to Deal With Drug Addiction

Dealing with Addiction is not an easy job at all. Addiction is a difficult stage that begins as abuse, or using a substance like marijuana or cocaine. Gradually it gets out of control and reaches a stage, where the addicted person is not able to control his/her actions without taking any drugs. They need a constant supply of drugs to keep themselves moving. A person has no control over his addiction requirements whether he or she uses drugs or drinks.

How to Deal with Addiction is an important question that often arises when in the minds of the family members of addicts or those who are themselves dealing with addiction. Addicts do not possess a normal behavior and therefore dealing with addiction becomes even more vital and crucial to improve the condition of the addict. In case you are still worried about how to deal with addiction, you can do the following:

  • Do not add to the problem
  • People with addiction try to hide their painful feelings of anxiety, stress, aloneness, emptiness and loneliness with the help of drugs. Therefore if you are dealing with an addict, you will have to be very supportive and caring towards him/her.
  • Do not be judgmental towards them
  • Do not ever cover up for them
  • Do not be dismissive toward their problem when they approach you
  • Do not blame yourself for being responsible for their situation. Rather than losing hope, take control of the situation.

Accept your areas of negligence
If anyone in the family has resorted to drugs or alcohol for comfort, he/she must have felt lack of support and care at a particular time. Regardless of how you might have contributed to this situation, you will have to convince the addicted person to get out of the addiction. As you cannot help anyone unless the person is ready to receive help.

Try to step out of our own comfort level and discover the needs of the addict
You must focus on the problems of the addicted person rather indulging in your own feelings of self-pity and your needs. Remember the one, who needs support and care, should be your first priority.

Show more love and care towards the addict
After realizing your mistakes, it is time to rectify them. The addicted person needs special care, love and support, not only from you, but from other family members as well. All your efforts should be centered towards helping the addicted person, come out of his addiction. It is a very difficult job and you will have to take entire responsibility of influencing the addicts towards the process of rehabilitation.

Encourage him/her to join Drug Addiction Support groups
You can encourage him/her to join Drug Addiction Support groups at your local community centre or even the online support forums like These support groups are very helpful in the treatment process. Addicts feel supported and encouraged by sharing their concern with other group members.